Crypto tax UK: How to work out if you need to pay

Subtract the value at which you bought the asset from the value at disposal, and the difference is the gain upon which you will have to calculate how much CGT you are liable for. Some countries split Capital Gains into two categories – long term and short term, but not the UK. Here, all capital gains are treated the same, under the same rate. The amount Capital Gains Tax Cryptocurrency UK holders have to pay is dependent on how much you earn. However, a tax on cryptocurrency will be applicable in certain circumstances. You can get more detailed information from the Cryptoassets Manual, published by HMRC.

You might recall that in 2020, Coinbase handed over data on UK customers who transacted more than £5,000 worth of cryptocurrency between 2017 and 2019. The return to be received has been agreed- as opposed to speculative and unknown. Sign up with Moneyfarm today to match with an investment portfolio that’s built and managed to help you achieve your financial goals. Simple, efficient and low cost, Moneyfarm helps you protect and grow your money over time.


To calculate your capital gain, you’d use the cost base of the crypto you disposed of and subtract it from the fair market value for that asset on the day you traded it for another crypto. If you’ve already offset enough capital losses to bring you back into the allowance amount – you can carry forward your capital losses to the next financial year to offset against future gains. Be warned though – capital losses in the UK expire after four years. So you can only carry a capital loss forward for a maximum of four years before you can no longer use it to offset your capital gains.

how to avoid tax on cryptocurrency uk

There are ways to strategically – and legally – avoid your crypto taxes while keeping Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs off your back. Tax Director Lisa Vanderheide explains the tax implications of crypto gains and what to do if you need to pay. If an individual is a resident of the UK, HMRC considers that any exchange tokens they hold as a beneficial owner are also located in the UK and therefore liable for UK tax. Any disposal of the cryptoasset at a future date, which was received through employment, may result in a chargeable gain for Capital Gains Tax.

Can HMRC track crypto?

HMRC expect records, calculations and reporting to all be undertaken in GBP. Therefore, like other assets, it is possible for capital gains to arise when exchange rates move, even if the value of the asset expressed in a non-UK currency remains the same. Where value may be recorded in different cryptocurrencies a double conversion will be required . Even if the cryptocurrency has risen in value, no taxable event will have occurred. This is because capital gains tax is due upon disposal, so while the crypto is being held, no tax is payable.

Many individuals who have benefited from rising value of crypto do not realise that they may owe tax on the gains. HMRC has begun to pursue individuals who have made gains by contacting exchange platforms and sending ‘nudge letters’ to relevant crypto investors. Whenever the crypto currency is spent, withdrawn or exchanged for another crypto there are capital gains tax implications. So whether you are buying a coffee or a car, you could be liable for CGT. So long as you only hold your crypto assets and do not spend them or cash them in, there is currently no UK CGT to pay.

Switch your tax rate

We always recommend that you seek advice from a suitably qualified adviser before taking any action. Cryptocurrencies are a digital currency and are typically built upon a technology called blockchain (which is effectively a decentralised ledger of all the transaction across a peer-to-peer network). Bitcoin and Ethereum are two better known examples, but many different tokens exist. Whether you’re taking your business overseas for the first time or you want to improve your current international operations, we can help.

  • Notably, it’s not required to pay tax on crypto gifts given to your spouse or civil partner (unless you’re separated, or giving them assets for their business to sell on).
  • As a result, the step of selling and then reacquiring the cryptoasset shortly afterwards may have limited benefit and can reduce any capital loss.
  • However, when making a gift, the person making it should consider if there are any inheritance tax or capital gains tax consequences.
  • Just as you might give someone else cash, stocks and shares as a gift, it’s perfectly possible to give crypto as one too.
  • Even if the cryptocurrency has risen in value, no taxable event will have occurred.
  • However, as crypto has become more popular, governments and regulators have paid it more attention – and that includes HMRC.

“If you buy and sell crypto regularly, or as part of a business trading in crypto, you will be liable to Income Tax instead of Capital Gains Tax on your trading profits – after setting off losses. For hard forks, where you receive a new coin as a result of a fork – you still won’t pay any Income Tax on receipt of these coins. However, your cost basis from any coins received from a hard fork is derived from your existing tokens from the previous blockchain – not the fair market value of the coin on the day you received it.

Is Ravencoin Worth Mining On A PC And Is It Profitable In 2023?

The deadline for paper tax returns for the current tax year has already been passed, but you still have a little time remaining to complete an online return which must be filed by the 31st of January 2022. Even better news is the fact that you can carry these losses forward for up to four years. So, when you ask yourself, do I need to pay tax on cryptocurrency UK disposals, the answer is only if the gain is higher than £12,300 after offsetting any losses you made. HMRC say that income from mining is treated as trading income if the activity is of the nature of a trade. For more information, see below How do I work out if I am ‘trading’ in cryptoassets?.

how to avoid tax on cryptocurrency uk

There are various ways to disclose crypto asset gains to HMRC, including a new Digital Disclosure Service and amending previously submitted income tax returns. HMRC have used their legal powers to request information on customers with a UK address from online crypto asset platforms. UK investors should be mindful of the tax implications of owning such assets and understand their reporting obligations. Non-domiciled UK residents in particular, should pay close attention how to avoid crypto taxes uk to how cryptocurrency rules infringe into the parameters of the remittance basis. Where it is considered that an individual is trading in cryptoassets, Income Tax takes priority over Capital Gains Tax and will apply to profits or losses the same as it would be considered as a business. This rapid growth has also attracted notable attention from HMRC, who are eager to ensure that all businesses, investors and traders are paying the correct amount of tax on cryptoassets.

HMRC and crypto tax

You may deduct transaction fees directly relating to the acquisition or disposal of the cryptoasset in question. Your employer might give you cryptoassets in return for your employment duties. However, we explain what you need to know to work out the tax consequences in most cases. There are many articles online explaining what NFTs are, such as on the BBC and in the Financial Times. The most common examples are Bitcoin and Ethereum, which are also called cryptocurrency, but there are hundreds of different types.

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